Le Corbusier (1887-1965), born Charles-Édouard Jeanneret-Gris, was a French-Swiss architect, designer and painter who is most renowned for his pioneering of Modern architecture and the International style. Le Corbusier studied at La-Chaux-de-Fonds Art School in Paris, and he received training under prominent figures such as Jason Hoffman in Vienna. He was also associated early on with Mies van der Rohe and Walter Gropius, and both would prove to be a significant influence in Le Corbusier’s early style.
He adopted his pseudonym around 1920s when he focused on Purist theories and painting rather than architecture. His interest in purism would inevitably prove to be influential in his architectural style and his planning of urban communities. In 1922, he proposed a plan for a “Contemporary City” that would inhabit three million people. He believed in efficiency and equality in his designs, which was expressed in his L’Esprit Nouveau, published around 1923. Efficiency would also allow for a much more friendly environment and higher standard for living for all socio-economic levels. Le Corbusier published The Radiant City in 1935, which proposed a revolutionary plan of housing according to the number of family members rather than economic status of the family. He designed various building all around the world including Heidi Weber Museum in Switzerland, Philips Pavilion in Belgium, Unité d’Habitation in France and the United Nations Headquarters in New York City.
Space and light and order. Those are the things that men need just as much as they need bread or a place to sleep.
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